The country of Russia, also known as the Russian Federation, is located between Northern Asia and Eastern Europe. With 17,098,246 square kilometers (6,601,670 square miles) of internationally recognized territory, it is the largest country in the world and encompasses one-eighth of the planet's inhabitable landmass. Russia is the most populous country in Europe and the ninth most populous country in the world, with a population of 146 million people. It shares land borders with fourteen countries, more than any other country except China. Moscow, Europe's largest city and the nation's capital, is its largest city. Russia's cultural capital and second-largest city is Saint Petersburg. Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Novosibirsk are additional significant urban areas.
Between the 3rd and 8th centuries CE, the East Slavs established themselves as a distinct ethnic group in Europe. In 988, when Kievan Rus became a state, it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire. In the end, Russia fell apart, and the Grand Duchy of Moscow grew into the Tsardom of Russia. By the beginning of the 18th century, Russia had developed into the Russian Empire, which is still the third-largest empire in history, through conquest, annexation, and the efforts of Russian explorers. However, Russia's monarchy was overthrown by the Russian SFSR, the first constitutionally socialist state in history, during the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Russian SFSR, along with three other Soviet republics, established the Soviet Union after the Russian Civil War, of which it was the largest and most important component. The Soviet Union underwent rapid industrialization in the 1930s, which cost millions of lives. Later, the Soviet Union led large-scale efforts on the Eastern Front, which proved to be crucial for the Allies in World War II. It competed with the United States for global ideological influence when the Cold War began; Some of Russia's most significant technological achievements occurred during the Soviet era, including the first human-made satellite and the first human space mission.
After the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, the Russian SFSR became the independent Russian Federation. Since then, Russia has been governed as a federal semi-presidential republic under a new constitution. Vladimir Putin has ruled Russia's political system since the turn of the century. Under his leadership, the country has experienced democratic decline and an authoritarian shift. Russia has been militarily involved in a number of post-Soviet states, including the unrecognized annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and four additional regions in 2022 during an ongoing invasion. In terms of human rights and press freedom, Russia ranks low on international lists; additionally, the country is perceived to have a lot of corruption.
The Russian economy is the sixth-largest by GDP (PPP) and the ninth-largest by nominal GDP worldwide. Russia has the fifth-highest military expenditure and the largest arsenal of nuclear weapons. It has the largest mineral and energy resources in the world, and its oil and natural gas production figures are among the highest in the world. The nation is a permanent member of the Security Council of the United Nations; a nation that is a member of the WTO, the G20, the SCO, the BRICS, the APEC, and the OSCE; and is the most important member of the CIS, CSTO, and EAEU. Thirty UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Russia.
One of the best higher education systems in the world is in Russia! "Made in Russia" is regarded as a quality mark in everything, from automobiles to education. You can profit from Russia's long and well known college custom particularly in the fields of designing and science. Employers all over the world value highly a degree from a Russian university.
There is something for everyone in the Russian higher education system! Russia has nearly 450 state-accredited universities that offer approximately 17,500 degree programs. Russian universities offer bachelor's, master's, state examination, and doctoral degree programs in every possible subject and academic level. In a wide range of fields, general universities place a strong emphasis on scientifically oriented coursework. On the other hand, applied science universities are very much practice-oriented. You can enroll in a college of art, film, or music if you are more interested in artistic subjects.
English-language courses and degree programs are becoming increasingly popular, particularly for master's degrees. If you don't speak Russian or if your Russian isn't good enough yet, this is good news.
Similar to you, approximately 12% of students at Russian universities are foreign nationals. You can meet people from all over the world, learn about new places, and broaden your horizons. The universities provide assistance to facilitate your entry into Russia.
In most cases, Russian universities do not charge tuition, and even if they do, the fees are very low. The majority of Russian universities receive substantial government funding. At public universities, bachelor's degree programs typically do not charge tuition. However, tuition fees for some master's degree programs are lower than in other countries.
The most prestigious university in Russia is M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, a public research university in Moscow. More than 300 departments, six branches, 15 research institutes, and 43 faculties make up the university.
Holy person Petersburg State College is a public exploration college in Holy person Petersburg, Russia. The university, which was established in 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great, has always placed an emphasis on fundamental science, engineering, and humanities research.
Russia's Moscow Oblast is home to the public Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. It prepares specialists in applied mathematics, theoretical and applied physics, and related fields. The fundamental MIPT grounds is situated in Dolgoprudny, a northern suburb of Moscow.
A public research university in Tomsk, Russia, the National Research Tomsk State University, or TSU, is known as TSU. When it opened in 1888, the university was the first one in Asia and, in practice, the first one in Russia east of the Volga.
One of Russia's most thrilling destinations is the picturesque Lake Baikal, which can be found in the south-eastern Siberian region. The world's largest freshwater lake is formed by this body of water. This lake is regarded as the world's oldest and deepest, with a depth of approximately 1,700 meters. It dates back more than 25 million years. This lake is home to numerous species of fauna and flora. It is surrounded by scenic beauty, lush green expanses, and magnificent mountains covered in snow. Around Lake Baikal, you can take fascinating wildlife tours and hike.
One of the ethnic tourist destinations in Russia is Altay, where visitors can experience traditional Russian culture. This fascinating republic has thousands of tranquil lakes and lush green alpine meadows surrounded by the majestic Altai Mountains.
The republic of Altay is largely comprised of biodiverse reserves and protected areas designed to house numerous species of wildlife, including snow leopards and argali mountain sheep. The picturesque Lake Teletskoye and the 4,506-meter-high Mt. Belukha are two additional Atlay attractions.
Around one tenth of Russia's total land area is covered by the Russian Tundra. The Tundra is a marshy, treeless plain that spans a thin coastal belt and has a maximum width of about 500 kilometers.
The dirt of the Tundra district conveys overflow dampness because of the low temperatures, which is the justification for why this spot doesn't encounter a persistent and proportionate vegetation cover. The majority of the Russian Tundra's land is bare, with some areas covered in lichens and mosses. The Tundra region has a lot of wildlife, including reindeer, arctic foxes, snowy owls, musk oxen, ptarmigan, lemmings, and beavers.
The charming and modern Russian city of Sochi, which is located on the Black Sea and is widely regarded as a picture-perfect summer beach resort, is one of the best places to visit in Russia during the summer. The city has acquired a great deal of global fame in the wake of facilitating the 2014 Winter Olympics.
Sochi is known for its lush, palm-lined parks and stunning neoclassical buildings from the 20th century, like the Winter Theatre, which is very popular. The breathtaking Forested Sochi National Park, a protected area covering approximately 1,937 square kilometers in the Caucasus Mountains, is another city attraction in Sochi.