Ukraine

Eastern Europe is home to the nation of Ukraine. It borders Russia to the east and northeast, making it the second-largest country in Europe. About 230,000 square miles or 600,000 square kilometers make up Ukraine. It was the eighth most populous country in Europe prior to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, with approximately 41 million people living there. Belarus also surrounds it to the north; to the west, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary; and to the southwest, by Moldova and Romania; with a coastline to the south and southeast that runs along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. The country's capital and largest city is Kyiv. Ukrainian is the national and official language of Ukraine; The majority of people speak Russian as well.
The region was a major center of East Slavic culture in the Middle Ages under the Kievan Rus' state, which emerged in the 9th century and was eventually overrun by Mongol invaders in the 13th century. For the next 600 years, the region was contested, divided, and ruled by a variety of external powers, including the Tsardom of Russia, the Austrian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In the 17th century, the Cossack Hetmanate emerged in central Ukraine, but it was divided between Russia and Poland before being absorbed by the Russian Empire. The Ukrainian People's Republic was established in 1917 by a Ukrainian national movement that resurfaced following the Russian Revolution. The Bolsheviks reconstituted this short-lived state by force into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which joined the Soviet Union as a founding member in 1922. The Holodomor, a man-made famine initiated by Stalin during the 1930s, resulted in the deaths of millions of Ukrainians.
Ukraine regained its independence and declared itself neutral in 1991, joining NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1994 and establishing a limited military partnership with the post-Soviet Commonwealth of Independent States. The Euromaidan, a series of large-scale protests that began in Ukraine in 2013, eventually grew into the Revolution of Dignity in 2014, which resulted in the establishment of a new government and pro-Russian unrest. Unidentified Russian troops invaded the Crimean Peninsula during this time, which Russia later annexed; and pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine's Donbas culminated in Russia-backed separatists seizing all of the region's territory, launching the War in Donbas. The ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War began with this series of events, and Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 marked a significant escalation of the conflict. Ukraine has pursued closer economic, political, and military ties with the Western world ever since the 2014 war with Russia broke out, including with NATO, the European Union, and the United States.
Ukraine is a developing nation that is a unitary republic with a semi-presidential system and ranks 77th on the Human Development Index. By nominal GDP per capita, Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe and has a lot of corruption. However, Ukraine was one of the world's largest exporters of grain prior to the war due to its extensive, fertile land. It is a founding member of the United Nations, a member of the Council of Europe, a member of the World Trade Organization, and the OSCE. It is also planning to join NATO and the European Union.

Why to study in Ukraine

Top Universities of Ukraine

1. Sumy State University

In Sumy, Ukraine, there is a university called Sumy State University. It has approximately 12,000 students enrolled in 55 majors and 23 fields for pre-undergraduate, undergraduate, specialist, and master's degrees. Nearly 50 nations are represented by approximately 1,900 international students.

2. NTU “KhPI”

The largest and oldest technical university in eastern Ukraine is the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute" in the city of Kharkiv. It is the second-oldest technical university in the modern Ukraine and the former Russian Empire, having been established in 1885.

3. Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

The University of Lviv, which is now the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, is the oldest higher education institution in modern-day Ukraine. Its first royal charter was issued in 1661 by John II Casimir, King of Poland

4. Kharkiv National Medical University

Kharkiv Public Clinical College, previously known as Kharkiv Clinical Foundation and beforehand Kharkiv State Clinical College, is a clinical college in Kharkiv, Ukraine. Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in March 2022, numerous buildings sustained significant damage.

Places to Visit while Travelling Ukraine

1. Odesa

Odesa is Ukraine's third-largest city and a seaport on the shores of the mythical Black Sea. Lanzheron Beach, which is ideal for sunbathers and is now a major trade center, draws a lot of tourists to Odessa because of its sandy beaches, pleasant weather, and clear waters. Odesa, also known as the "Pearl of the Black Sea," is a big city with a small feel because of how it was built. There are a lot of narrow streets and nooks and crannies to explore that lead to beautiful pastel-colored houses and secluded squares. The Odessa Opera House and the numerous theaters in the city offer a little bit of culture in addition to leafy parks like the City Gardens and the city's famous mighty stairway that connects the city center to the beachfront.

2. Poltava

Poltava is a tourist mecca in Ukraine because it is on the Vorskala River. Due to the legendary battle that took place in the 18th century between the Cossacks and the Russian Tsar Peter I, this city has a long military history. Because of this, people come to this city to see the military relics that are still there. These include October Park, the Column of Glory, and the Poltava Battlefield's preserved area. In addition, the Assumption Cathedral, Poltava's main cathedral, is well-known for its striking belfry and its museums, many of which are devoted to military history. Poltava, once the site of such a pivotal historical event, is now a tranquil cultural city with numerous orchestras, theaters, and museums.

3. Myrhorod

Myrhorod is a sleepy spa town on the Khorol River that became famous for the mineral properties of its underground springs. The slightly salty water can be consumed to alleviate digestive issues, or visitors can bathe in several locations. You can take a pedalo or boat out of the Khorol River if you don't want to swim. Visitors to Myrhorod can also look for quirky attractions like a towering illuminated windmill and a musical water fountain. You can also take a horse-drawn carriage ride through the city's woods for the ultimate romantic experience. The city's woods are also well-known. When traveling through Ukraine, this location should not be missed.

4. Chernihiv

One of the most beautiful places in Ukraine is here. Chernihiv, which is neatly perched on the banks of the Desna River, is frequently referred to as one of the most ancient cities in all of Ukraine. It seems to date back to the 7th century, so a visit here feels like going back in time. It also has some of the country's most beautiful buildings, like Catherine's Church, with its golden cupolas that make it easy to spot. Pyatnytska Church, which is in the city's Red Square and is a notable religious structure, is a great spot for a lazy afternoon stroll through the town center.

Courses in Ukraine