In India, the full-form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is generally a 5.5-year course including a one-year compulsory internship, that can be completed from a college accredited by the National Medical Commission, to receive a degree titled MBBS (Medical colleges in India). Medical colleges may also teach Post Graduate as well as Paramedical courses. Admission to MBBS programs in government colleges can be highly competitive because of subsidized education and extensive hands-on experience.

The MBBS course starts with the basic pre and para-clinical subjects such as biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pathology, forensic medicine including toxicology and pharmacology. The students simultaneously obtain hands-on training in the wards and out-patient departments, where they interact with real patients for five years. The curriculum aims to inculcate standard protocols of history taking, examination, differential diagnosis, and complete patient Management. The student is taught to determine what investigations will be useful for a patient and what are the best treatment options. The curriculum also contains a thorough practical knowledge and practice of performing standard clinical procedures. The course also contains a 12-month-long internship, in which an intern is rotated across various specialties. Besides standard clinical care, one also gets a thorough experience of ward management, staff management, and thorough counseling skills.

The degree awarded is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. The minimum requirements for the MBBS course are 50% marks in physics, chemistry, biology, and English in a student's secondary school examinations – usually, under the Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations, the Central Board of Secondary Education or curricula established by the several states. For 'Reserved Category' students, the requirement is 40%. MBBS admissions for both public and private institutions are centralized under the National Medical Commission, whereby a student is eligible for admission to an institution based on their 'All India Rank' in the National Eligibility and Entrance Test conducted by the National Testing Agency. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences at New Delhi and Armed Forces Medical College at Pune is widely regarded as India's most prestigious undergraduate medical colleges, with admissions being highly competitive. The Government of India has recently announced plans to establish new medical colleges in 58 districts, which will add 5,800 seats to the country's annual MBBS student intake.

MBBS Course Details

  • The full form of MBBS in Latin is Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.
  • MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
  • MBBS course duration is 5.5 years. MBBS's duration comprises a 1-year internship.
  • MBBS entrance exam such as NEET is the only eligible for students who wish to pursue MBBS.
  • According to reports, the National Medical Council (NMC) is expected to conduct the NeXT (National Exit Test) Online MCQ Exam for the final year MBBS students to award them practicing licenses, from the year 2023.
  • It is being said that in the next few years, NeXT is most likely to replace NEET PG Exam.
  • For studying MBBS from abroad, students must pass the 10+2 examination from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology as compulsory subjects.
  • Students who finish a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery can become general physicians and can start earning INR 5,00,000 - INR 12,00,000 per annum.
  • Popular courses after MBBS specializations on various subjects and can pursue MD and MS.
  • Students who don't want to sit for NEET can opt for other medical courses after 12th without NEET.
Course Name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Abbreviation MBBS
Type Degree
Level Undergraduate
Field Healthcare
Eligibility 10+2 with physics, chemistry, and biology
Duration 5.5 years
Average Fee in Private College Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Average Salary Rs. 360,000 per annum
Career Opportunities Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

MBBS Admissions

There are various ways of enrolling students in the MBBS program provided by various institutions and schools. In the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery programs, educational institutions use various methodologies to enroll applicants. To receive an MBBS degree, applicants must follow the different strategies with a thorough understanding from which they must then achieve university admissions. The various methods by which candidates may become admitted to this degree are described below.

Entrance exams: The most common method for approving candidates is an entrance examination used by colleges and universities. Aspiring students sit for different entrance exams to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.

Merit-based: There are colleges and universities in these courses which offer candidates admissions based on the marks achieved in 10 + 2. The eligibility criteria are based on competencies gained in 10 + 2. These colleges often take students using their cut-off lists. But the number of these colleges is very less in numbers and the entrance exam is a must for this particular degree.

Top MBBS Exams

A few universities conduct entrance examinations for a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS). Selection for this degree in some major universities is based on the total marks in the final year of school and on the entrance exam.

National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam (NEET): NEET-UG (National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses) is the criteria for enrollment to the MBBS degree. NEET-UG is the common all-India entry-level foundation for admissions amongst all medical universities and colleges all around the world. Each and every applicant who aspires to be recruited to MBBS must apply for the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam-UG.

Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own entrance examinations. But meanwhile, those examinations have also been eliminated.

MBBS Salary

The average salary for MBBS of an aspirant varies gradually. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate's dedication and experience in the workplace. Below mentioned are the salary scale MBBS course as per the experience years.

Year-wise salary for MBBS

Experience (in years) Salary scale from Salary scales up to
0-6 years 3 to 4 lakh per annum 6 to 8 lakh per annum
6-12 years 8 to 10 lakh per annum 10 to 12 lakh per annum
12-20 years 12 to 15 lakh per annum 15 to 18 lakh per annum

Careers Opportunities after MBBS

Medical Officers

Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detecting, and instruct on medical conditions and illness control. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual's necessities and plans of treatment.

Medical Surgeon

The surgeon is liable for the patient's essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery, and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to make sure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated on by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression. They follow surgical procedures formed mostly during operating conditions.

General Physician

With an MBBS degree graduates can begin their careers as general physician who researches, diagnoses, treat, and cures patient diseases. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialized medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical, or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.


Physicians work in many different forms to treat patients, from chronic disease diagnosis to recommendations on healthcare services. Whilst also physicians' areas of expertise can sometimes differ significantly, the similarity along all specializations would be that physicians work primarily to identify and manage illnesses and injuries. Sometimes individuals do this by conducting screening tests, taking medical records, conducting and analyzing diagnostic procedures, and suggesting a course of treatment. Physicians require a different level of intelligence and education, generally including a bachelor's degree, a medical school degree, and practice for a prolonged period of time.


A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, pediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children evaluate their health, and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.


Dieticians encourage wellness in patients or the public at large and develop a balanced nutrition plan for them. Dietitians focus on providing knowledge on nutrition and health and therefore helping people to stay healthy. Individuals give advice and recommendations relating to nutrition. Dietitians may also modify diet plans to help maintain conditions like allergies and intolerances to food. They educate individuals and organizations on fundamental principles of healthy nutrition, appropriate food choices, and controlling nutrition to enhance their quality of life. They track activities of the food service to ensure alignment with nutritional, health, sanitation, and safety standards.

Other Popular Medical Degrees

  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • M.CH (Master of Chirurgiae)
  • MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)