The People's Republic of Bangladesh is the official name of the country in South Asia known as Bangladesh. It is the eighth-most crowded country on the planet, with a populace surpassing 165 million individuals in a space of 148,460 square kilometers (57,320 sq mi). Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, as well as Myanmar to the southeast, making it one of the world's most populous nations. It has a coastline that runs southward along the Bay of Bengal. The Siliguri Corridor divides it from Bhutan and Nepal by a small distance; and from China via the northern Indian state of Sikkim. The nation's political, economic, and cultural hub is Dhaka, the country's largest and capital city. Chittagong, the second-biggest city, is the most active port on the Inlet of Bengal. Bengali, one of the most eastern Indo-European languages, is the official language.
The historic and ethnolinguistic region of Bengal, which was divided during the 1947 Partition of India, is now governed by Bangladesh. The majority of the population is Bengali Muslim. Old Bengal was a significant social community in the Indian subcontinent as the home of the territories of Vanga, Pundra, Gangaridai, Gauda, Samatata, and Harikela. The last dynasties that ruled Bengal prior to Islam were the Mauryan, Gupta, Pala, Sena, Chandra, and Deva dynasties. Bakhtiar Khalji conquered northern Bengal and invaded Tibet in 1204, marking the beginning of the Muslim conquest of Bengal. In the 14th century, three city-states emerged, one of which became a part of the Delhi Sultanate. Sonargaon ruled much of eastern Bengal. Sultan Balkhi, Shah Jalal, and Shah Makhdum Rupos were Sufi missionary leaders who contributed to the spread of Muslim rule. The region became a single, independent Bengal Sultanate. As the melting pot of Muslims in the eastern subcontinent under Mughal rule, eastern Bengal continued to thrive and attracted traders from all over the world. Strong trade ties like the muslin trade, which supplied textiles and accounted for 40% of Dutch imports from Asia, enabled the Bengali elite to become one of the richest people in the world. In the 18th century, Mughal Bengal became more assertive and independent under the Nawabs of Bengal. The betrayal of Mir Jafar in 1757 led to the British East India Company's defeat of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah and eventual British dominance of South Asia. In British India, the Bengal Presidency became the largest administrative unit. The production of Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905 set a trend for the development of Bangladesh. In the hope of establishing a state in the eastern subcontinent, the first Prime Minister of Bengal supported the Lahore Resolution in 1940. The Bengali Prime Minister proposed a sovereign Bengali state prior to the partition of Bengal. The current boundary of Bangladesh's territory was established by a referendum and the announcement of the Radcliffe Line.
East Bengal rose to become Pakistan's most populous province in 1947. East Pakistan was given its new name, and Dhaka became the country's legislative capital. In 1952, the Bengali Language Movement; the 1954 election for East Bengali legislators; the Pakistani coup d'état of 1958; the 1966 six-point movement; and Bengali nationalism and pro-democracy movements rose in East Pakistan as a result of the 1970 Pakistani general election. The 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War was the result of the Pakistani military junta's refusal to hand over power to the Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. During this conflict, the Mukti Bahini, aided by India, successfully carried out an armed revolution. The conflict resulted in the 1971 Bangladesh genocide and the murder of Bengali civilians, including intellectuals, who supported independence. In 1972, the new state of Bangladesh became the first in South Asia to have a secular constitution. In 1988, Islam was made the state religion. The constitution of Bangladesh was reaffirmed in 2010 by the Supreme Court.
Bangladesh's economy is the second largest in South Asia, making it a middle power in the Indo-Pacific. It contributes significantly to UN peacekeeping efforts and has the third-largest military in the region. Bangladesh is the third-largest country with a Muslim majority due to its large Muslim population. Based on the Westminster model, Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic. 99 percent of Bangladesh's population are Bengalis. There are eight divisions, 64 districts, and 495 subdistricts in the country. Due to the Rohingya genocide, it houses one of the largest refugee populations in the world. Bangladesh faces many difficulties, especially impacts of environmental change. Within the Climate Vulnerable Forum, Bangladesh has led the way. The BIMSTEC headquarters are located there. It is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, as well as a founding member of SAARC.
Some Good Reasons to Study in Belarus When choosing a destination for your study abroad, Bangladesh may not even be on your list of options or be on the bottom of your list. Nevertheless, the following is a fascinating list of some good reasons to study at a Bangladesi university:
Dhaka, Bangladesh, is home to the public research university known as the University of Dhaka. It is Bangladesh's oldest university. On July 1, 1921, the university opened its doors to students. With 46,150 students and 1,992 faculty members, it is Bangladesh's largest public research university at present.
In Banani and Tejgaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Southeast University, also known as SEU, is a private university. The Private University Act of 1992, which was approved by the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, authorized the establishment of the university. It has a permanent campus in Dhaka, Bangladesh, at 251/A and 252, Tejgaon Industrial Area.
The private North South University is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In 2015, its business school became the first Bangladeshi university to receive ACBSP accreditation.
The Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, or BUET for short, is a public university in Dhaka, Bangladesh, that focuses on technological research. It is Bangladesh's oldest institution for studying engineering, architecture, and urban planning, having been established in 1876 as the Dacca Survey School.
In 1961, the Bangladesh Agricultural University, also known as BAU, was established. There are 43 departments at the college. For the years 2013–2014, BAU had the second highest budget of any public university in Bangladesh.
Rajshahi is a bustling city on the plains of the Padma River, which are bounded to the north, west, and east by Paba Upazila. It is surrounded by the towns of Kathakali and Nowhata and is close to the border between Bangladesh and India.
The world-class architecture, cultural institutions, and narrow cobblestone streets of Rajshahi captivate tourists. Due to its colorful buildings, lush green spaces, picturesque gardens, and turreted castles, it exudes storybook charm.
The beautiful city of Sylhet in Bangladesh is on the Surma River in northeastern Bengal. It serves as both the divisional and district headquarters for the districts of Sunamganj, Moulvibazar, Habiganj, and Sylhet.
The picture-perfect city has everything a fairy tale would have: a picturesque harbor, expansive views of the mountain range that surrounds it, and vibrant rows of wooden homes. With its serene, tree-lined stops and cobblestone roads, it's not hard to see Sylhet as one of the most gorgeous fantasy settings show some major signs of life.
On the northern bank of the Buriganga River is Dhaka, the largest city in South East Asia. It is on the Delta Ganges' lower reaches in central Bangladesh. The largest city in Bangladesh, Dhaka features impressive red-brick facades, extensive green spaces, and beautiful museums. The city has a charismatic appeal that you won't find anywhere else because of the beautiful juxtaposition of shiny high-rise buildings with mosques that date back thousands of years.
Khulna is Bangladesh's third-largest city, and it is in the center of the country. It is served by Port of Mongla, which is the country's second-largest seaport and is on the Rupsha riverbank.
Due to its beautiful skylines, traditional shophouses, and lush foliage, Khulna continues to be a popular tourist destination. It is one of Bangladesh's most active cities, adorned with contemporary art galleries, religious sites, and boutiques. You'll be greeted by stunning views here, from beaches to incredible craggy mountain ranges.
In the southeast of Bangladesh, Chattogram is a major coastal city and a major financial center. It is between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal on the banks of the River Karnaphuli.
For visitors seeking a digital detox from the frantic pace of city life, Chattogram is a paradise. The tranquil waters of the vast ocean can be seen on one side, while breathtaking mountain ranges overlooking the sea can be seen on the other. There is no other city in Bangladesh that offers similar geodiversity due to its location, sea, mountain, and lush greenery.