China is a nation in East Asia. It is officially known as the People's Republic of China (PRC). With more than 1.4 billion people, it is the world's most populous nation, just behind India. China has land borders with fourteen countries, the most of any country in the world, tied with Russia, and spans the distance of five time zones. China shares a narrow maritime boundary with Taiwan, which is in dispute. It is the third largest country in terms of total land area in the world, with an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 square miles). Twenty-two provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macau) make up the nation. Shanghai is the most populous city and the financial hub, while Beijing serves as the nation's capital.
The fertile Yellow River basin in the North China Plain is where the modern Chinese cradle of civilization can be found. A bureaucratic political system was developed to serve hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, by the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in the 21st century BCE and the well-documented Shang and Zhou dynasties. During this time, Chinese writing, classic Chinese literature, and the Hundred Schools of Thought emerged, influencing China and its neighbors for centuries. In the third century BCE, Qin's conflicts of unification made the main Chinese domain, the brief Qin line. The Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BCE to 220 CE and was more stable, succeeded the Qin and established the Chinese empire as one of the world's leading economic powers for nearly two millennia. The empire grew, split up, came back together, was conquered and reestablished, took on foreign religions and ideas, and made major scientific advancements that led the world, like the Four Great Inventions: printing, gunpowder, paper, and the compass The Sui (581–618) and Tang (618–907) dynasties brought the empire back together after centuries of disunion following the fall of the Han. The multiethnic Tang adapted Buddhism to meet Chinese requirements and welcomed trade and culture from across the Silk Road. The early present day Tune administration (960-1279) turned out to be progressively metropolitan and business. The examination system and Neo-Confucian doctrines were utilized by the civilian scholar-officials, or literati, to replace the military aristocrats of earlier dynasties. In 1279, a Mongol invasion established the Yuan dynasty, but Han Chinese control was reestablished by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). The Qing dynasty, led by Manchu, nearly doubled the empire's territory and established a multiethnic state that served as the foundation for the modern Chinese nation. However, in the 19th century, they suffered significant losses to foreign imperialism.
With the Xinhai Revolution in 1912, the Republic of China (ROC) overthrew the Qing dynasty and brought down the Chinese monarchy. The country experienced a period of instability during its early years as a republic, known as the Warlord Era, before largely reuniting in 1928 under a Nationalist government. In 1927, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) launched a civil war. In 1937, Japan invaded China, launching the Second Sino-Japanese War and putting an end to the civil war for a while. The CCP and Kuomintang fought once more after Japanese forces surrendered and left China in 1945, leaving a power vacuum in the country. The division of Chinese territory marked the end of the civil war in 1949; While the Kuomintang-led ROC government retreated to the island of Taiwan, the CCP established the People's Republic of China on the mainland. Despite the fact that the PRC has been recognized as China's sole representative at the United Nations since 1971, both parties assert that they are the only legitimate government. The PRC carried out an economic and social campaign known as the Great Leap Forward from 1959 to 1961. This campaign led to a sharp decline in the economy and an estimated 15 to 55 million deaths, the majority of which were caused by famine. Millions were purified or subjected to either persecution or politicide based on political categories during China's turbulent period of political and social chaos known as the Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966 to 1976. This period led to greater economic and educational decline. Since then, the Maoist policies of the past have been criticized by the Chinese government, which has implemented a series of political and economic reforms since 1978 that have significantly raised Chinese living standards and extended life expectancy.
The CCP currently runs China as a Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic. China is a member of the BRICS, the G8+5, the G20, the APEC, and the East Asia Summit, in addition to being a founding member of several multilateral and regional cooperation organizations like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Silk Road Fund, the New Development Bank, and the RCEP. Additionally, China is a permanent member of the Security Council of the United Nations. Measures of democracy, civil liberties, government transparency, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and protection of ethnic minorities place it among the lowest. Human rights activists and non-governmental organizations have criticized the Chinese government for violating human rights, including political repression, widespread censorship, widespread surveillance of their citizens, and the violent suppression of protests.
China is the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity, the second-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the second-wealthiest nation, accounting for roughly one fifth of the global economy. The nation is perhaps of the quickest developing significant economy and is the world's biggest maker and exporter. China has the world's largest standing army and the second-largest defense budget, making it a well-known nuclear weapon state. Due to its large markets, high innovation, economic potential, growing military strength, and influence in international affairs, China is considered a potential superpower.
Some Good Reasons to Study in China:
In Beijing, China, Tsinghua University is a national public research university. The Ministry of Education provides funding for the university. The college is an individual from the C9 Association, Twofold Top notch College Plan, Venture 985, and Task 211.
In Beijing, China, Peking University is a public research university. The Ministry of Education provides funding for the university. When the Guangxu Emperor granted Peking University its royal charter in 1898, it was initially known as the Imperial University of Peking.
Zhejiang University is a national public research university in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Previously romanized as Chekiang University, it was abbreviated as ZJU or Zheda.
In Shanghai, China, Fudan University is a national public research university. The Ministry of Education of China has designated Fudan as a Double First Class University, the C9 League, Project 985, and Project 211.
In Wuhan, Hubei, Wuhan University is a public research university. The Ministry of Education provides funding for the university.
A number of ancient fortifications that were constructed to safeguard China's borders surround the country. The Imperial Chinese states used these to protect themselves from a number of nomadic groups that mostly lived in the Eurasian Steppe. These walls, which were constructed in the seventh century, are one of Beijing's most popular tourist attractions.
When we talk about going to Forbidden City, we can't leave without mentioning how wonderful the whole place is! It is the center of Beijing and the lifeline of the locals, who have lived here for centuries, making it one of the best places to visit in Beijing. This took place during the time that Zhu Di, the son of Hongwu Emperor, ruled. The construction of the Forbidden City began when Zhu Di ascended to the throne and moved the Chinese capital from Nanjing to Beijing.
Another set of Imperial Palaces, this one once belonged to the Ming and Qing dynasties and would be the supreme structure of power for the entire generation. Over 10,000 rooms make up the building itself, and millions of dollars' worth of furniture and artwork can be found inside. This spot, which is now a historical site, is Beijing's crown jewel and the most popular tourist destination.
Because it contains a plethora of expansive lakes, lush green gardens, and sweet Imperial palaces, the Summer Palace is one of those places that will require at least half a day of your time. As history proposes, these were the nurseries for the Qing administration. Because of how stunning the area is, it was even designated a World Heritage Site a few years ago as one of Beijing's attractions.
The castle is perhaps of China's most wonderful design that was built as a post and a home for the Dalai Lama yet was at first a spot for political and strict fortunes. This palace is broken up into: The important shrines and murals that depicted scenes from the lives of the Dalai Lamas and the Tibet kings were protected by the Red Palace, which was built. The impressive White House has remained unchanged since 1959, and it includes sleeping quarters, reception rooms, and more.