Egypt, formally the Bedouin Republic of Egypt, is a cross country traversing the upper east corner of Africa and the southwest corner of Asia through a land span framed by the Sinai Promontory. The Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, the Gaza Strip, which is part of Israel and Palestine, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and Sudan to the south. Egypt is separated from Jordan and Saudi Arabia by the Gulf of Aqaba in the northeast. Alexandria, Egypt's second-largest city, is a significant industrial and tourist destination on the Mediterranean coast. Cairo is the country's capital and largest city. Egypt is the 14th most populous country in the world with approximately 100 million people.
Egypt's history dates back to the 6th-4th millennia BCE along the Nile Delta, making it one of the longest of any country. Some of the earliest developments in writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion, and central government occurred in Ancient Egypt, which is regarded as the cradle of civilization. This legacy is reflected in iconic structures like the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well as the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, which continue to be significant centers of scientific and common interest. Egypt's unique transcontinental location—it is both Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and North African—is reflected in its long and extensive cultural heritage, which is an essential component of its national identity. Egypt was a significant and early center of Christianity. However, it was largely Islamized in the seventh century and is still primarily a Sunni Muslim nation with a significant Christian minority and other less widely practiced religions.
Egypt's current state dates back to 1922, when it became a monarchy after gaining independence from the British Empire. Egypt declared itself a republic following the 1952 revolution. In 1958, it merged with Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961. Egypt experienced social and religious strife and political instability in the second half of the 20th century. It fought multiple armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973, and it occupied the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967. In 1978, Egypt marked the Camp David Accords, formally pulling out from the Gaza Strip and perceiving Israel. The country was confronted with a prolonged period of political unrest following the Arab Spring, which resulted in the 2011 Egyptian revolution and the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak. A number of watchdog organizations have characterized Egypt's current government, a semi-presidential republic headed by Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, as authoritarian or leading an authoritarian regime, which is to blame for the country's poor human rights record.
Egypt's official language is Arabic, and Islam is the country's official religion. Egypt is the most populous country in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world, the third most populous country in Africa (after Nigeria and Ethiopia), and the fourteenth most populous country in the world with more than 100 million people living there. The vast majority of its population resides within close proximity to the Nile River's banks, which cover an area of approximately 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 square miles). The vast Sahara desert areas that make up the majority of Egypt's territory are sparsely populated. Around 43% of Egypt's occupants live in the nation's metropolitan regions, with most spread across the thickly populated focuses of more prominent Cairo, Alexandria, and other significant urban communities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt is regarded as a middle power worldwide and a regional power in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Muslim world. With a Human Development Index ranking of 97th, it is a developing nation. It has Africa's third-largest economy, Africa's 33rd-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the world's 20th-largest economy by PPP. Egypt is an establishing individual from the Unified Countries, the Uncommitted Development, the Middle Easterner Association, the African Association, the Association of Islamic Collaboration and the World Youth Gathering.
There are a number of good reasons to consider for studying in Egypt:
Studying in Egypt can provide an opportunity to learn about and experience this rich culture firsthand. The country has a long and fascinating history.
Egypt's generally lower cost of living compares favorably to that of many other nations, making it an appealing option for students looking to cut costs.
Egypt has a number of top-ranked educational establishments that provide a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs and subjects.
Through internships and other hands-on learning opportunities, many Egyptian universities provide students with opportunities to gain practical experience
Students studying in Egypt will have the chance to meet people from a variety of cultural and economic backgrounds and gain knowledge from them
Cairo University, otherwise called the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and Lord Fuad I College and Fu'ad al-Awwal College from 1940 to 1952, is Egypt's head state-funded college. Cairo is direct across the Nile from its main campus in Giza.
Cairo, Egypt's Ain Shams University is a public institution. The university, which was established in 1950, offers instruction at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels.
Mansoura College was established in 1972 in Mansoura city, Egypt. The Nile Delta is in its middle. It is one of Egypt's largest universities and has made significant contributions to Egypt's and Mansoura's scientific and cultural life.
One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are the three pyramids that house the tombs of ancient pharaohs. Situated on the Giza Level, the pyramids are the main Miracle to have stayed in one piece north of millennia. The Robber's Tunnel leads to the 138-meter-high Great Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu. The same complex also includes the limestone Sphinx structure. One of Egypt's most popular sightseeing destinations is the Giza pyramids complex, which is the crown jewel of Egypt's tourist attractions.
Luxor, which was the site of the ancient city of Thebes and is on the east bank of the Nile, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt. The Valley of Kings, which is home to rock-cut tombs of ancient pharaohs, is Luxor's most famous feature, earning it the title of the world's largest open-air museum. Tutankhamun and Amenhotep, two well-known ancient kings, were buried here. Only a small number of the approximately 63 tombs that have been excavated are open to visitors. The KV62, Tutankhamun's tomb, has a separate entrance fee. Definitely one of Egypt's most eerie spots to visit.
The Islamic Cairo region in the capital of Egypt is loaded up with middle age mosques, landmarks, and madrassas, and is one of the chief Egypt vacation spots. The impressive Sultan Hassan Mosque and Madrassa is a visible reminder of this beautiful city's Islamic heritage.