India is a nation in South Asia. It is officially known as the Republic of India. It is the world's most populous democracy, the second-most populous nation, and the seventh-largest country by area. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, with the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. To the north, China, Nepal, and Bhutan; and Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east. India is in close proximity to Sri Lanka and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean; Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia all share a maritime border with its Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
At least 55,000 years ago, modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa. The region's long history of occupation, initially in various forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has resulted in a high level of diversity, ranking it second only to Africa in terms of human genetic diversity. In the western margins of the Indus river basin, settled life first appeared 9,000 years ago, gradually evolving into the Indus Valley Civilisation in the third millennium BCE. An ancient form of Indo-European Sanskrit had spread into India from the northwest by 1200 BCE. The Rigvedic hymns today provide evidence of this. The Rigveda is a record of the beginnings of Hinduism in India that has been meticulously preserved by oral tradition. In India's northern and western regions, the Dravidian languages were replaced. Within Hinduism by 400 BCE, caste stratification and exclusion had emerged, and Buddhism and Jainism had emerged, proclaiming social orders unrelated to heredity. The fractious Maurya and Gupta Empires, both based in the Ganges Basin, were the result of early political consolidations. Their collective era was marked by a decline in the status of women and the incorporation of untouchability into an organized belief system, but it was also characterized by a great deal of creativity. The Middle Kingdoms of South India brought the religious traditions and scripts of Dravidian languages to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.
On India's southern and western coasts, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism established themselves in the early medieval period. Northern India was eventually incorporated into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam, and Muslim armies from Central Asia periodically ruled the northern plains of India. This led to the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate. The Vijayanagara Empire established a long-lasting Hindu culture in south India in the 15th century. Sikhism, which rejects institutionalized religion, emerged in the Punjab. In 1526, the Mughal Empire began two centuries of relative peace, leaving behind a legacy of brilliant architecture. Following this, the British East India Company gradually expanded its rule, transforming India into a colonial economy and establishing its sovereignty. In 1858, the British Crown took control. Indians received their promised rights slowly, but technological advancements brought about new ideas about education and public life. The nonviolent resistance of a pioneering and influential nationalist movement helped bring about the end of British rule. As a result of massive casualties and unprecedented migration, the British Indian Empire was divided into two independent dominions in 1947: a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan.
Since 1950, India has been a federal republic with a democratic parliamentary government. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic culture. India's population increased from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011[60]. At the same time, the country's literacy rate increased from 16.6% to 74% and its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 per year to US$1,498. In 1951, India was a relatively poor nation; today, it is a rapidly expanding major economy, a center for information technology services, and home to an expanding middle class. It has a space program which incorporates a few arranged or finished extraterrestrial missions. Indian films, music, and profound lessons assume a rising part in worldwide culture. India has considerably diminished its pace of destitution, however at the expense of expanding financial disparity. India has a nuclear arsenal and spends a lot on its military. Since the middle of the 20th century, it has been at odds with Pakistan and China over Kashmir. Among the financial difficulties India faces are orientation disparity, kid ailing health, and rising degrees of air contamination. India has four biodiversity hotspots on its hugely diverse landmass. 21.7 percent of its surface is covered in forest. These forests and other protected habitats support India's wildlife, which has long been viewed with tolerance in India's culture.

Why to study in India

Why is India a great place for international students to study? India's diversity and history give students a lot of choices. The educational system in India is as extensive and varied as the country itself. For international students, living in India is a cost-effective and rewarding experience, despite the fact that it can be challenging.
A civilization that has existed for millennia, was the birthplace of four world religions, has a stunning variety of cultures, languages, and traditions, and has breathtaking natural beauty, from the Himalayas to the Rajasthani deserts. The genuine inquiry isn't "the reason concentrate on in India?", however, "why wouldn't you?" In addition to having a lot to offer tourists, India also has a lot to offer students. Whether you're interested in Classics, computers, philosophy, or politics, studying in India has a lot to offer with access to such a diverse and rich history and a rapidly expanding nation at the forefront of technology.
Studying in India is unlike studying anywhere else because the country's educational system is as comprehensive and diverse as its history. Indira Gandhi National Open University, with 3.5 million students, is the largest university in the world located in India. There are 575 universities in India's higher education system, including:
The National Department of Higher Education oversees 42 central universities. 243 state universities run by state governments; 130 deemed universities are run independently; 53 private universities; 33 institutes of national importance are considered to be of special importance and typically focus on science and technology.

Top Universities of India

1. Indian Institute of Science

The Indian Institute of Science is a public, deemed university that provides higher education and research in the fields of management, engineering, design, and science. It is in the Indian state of Karnataka, in the city of Bengaluru.

2. University of Delhi

Formerly known as the University of Delhi, Delhi University is a collegiate central university in New Delhi, India. It was established by an Act of the Central Legislative Assembly in 1922, and the University Grants Commission recognizes it as an Institute of Eminence.

3. Jawaharlal Nehru University

India's Jawaharlal Nehru University is a major public research institution in New Delhi. It was founded in 1969 and given the name Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. The university is well-known for its outstanding faculties and research focus on applied and social sciences.

4. Banaras Hindu University

Established in 1916, Banaras Hindu University is a collegiate, central, and research university in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

5. Jamia Millia Islamia

India's central university, Jamia Millia Islamia, is in New Delhi. It moved to its current location in Okhla in 1935 after initially being established in Aligarh, United Provinces, during the British Raj in 1920. In 1962, the University Grants Commission gave it the deemed status.

Places to Visit while Travelling India

1. Chadar- The Frozen River Track

How often does one brag about being able to walk on a frozen river in a heavenly location? The Chadar trek route connects villages in the Zanskar valley deep in the mountains with Chilling and the frozen Zanskar River, making it one of Ladakh's most thrilling experiences for adventure seekers.
The once-in-a-lifetime experience will transport you to simpler times and show you breathtaking sights. It also gives you the push you need to get in shape before you get there.

2. Manali-Leh Road Trip

The Manali-Leh Highway, known as the "Mecca" of Indian road trips, has always been a favorite. This route stands head and shoulders above all other backpacking trips in India, whether for groups or by itself. All you have to do is: Get ready for some adventure, get on the road, and you won't get anywhere! Seeing people going about their business in a more straightforward manner as you pass mountains and villages will make you appreciate both nature and simplicity.

3. Markha Valley Trek

Going on a hike is the first thing that comes to mind when we want to get away from our daily routine. This is one of the most popular treks in Ladakh, and you should definitely go on it while you're there. Also known as the "tea house trek," this trek gives you a mix of kaleidoscopic images with its hypnotizing excellence.
Enjoy this area's scenic splendor and lush vegetation. As you continue your trek, take in the fresh morning air and listen to the chirping of birds. Take in the stunning vistas from the top of the Gandala La (4800 m) and Kongmaru La (5150 m) by ascending to their summits.

4. Rishikesh

Rishikesh, also known as the lively city, is one location with a lot to offer. This charming city is also known as the "Yoganagari," or "Yoga Capital of the Country," and the "Gateway to the Garhwal Himalayas." It is famous for its abundant beauty, sacredness, adventure opportunities, and magnificent places to visit in Rishikesh.
Rishikesh is also blessed with the holy Ganges and the Garhwal Himalayas. It is one of the country's ancient cities. When it comes to places to visit in and around Rishikesh, the city has a long and interesting list. You should also put river rafting in Rishikesh on your bucket list. This peaceful city is filled with holy temples, holy ghats, tranquil ashrams, and evergreen forests. It has something for everyone.

5. Manali

I am aware that this is the location that you have unquestionably been seeking. All things considered, it is right here, with the snow-covered mountains, flowing cascades, and quiet valleys Manali is one of the most amazing traveler places in India. This course is superior to other Indian hiking trips, whether for friends or solo travelers! You'll come to appreciate both nature and simplicity as you travel through towns and mountains, passing people who are moving ahead in a more straightforward manner.

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