National Medical Commission known as NMC is an Indian regulatory organization that includes 33 members and regulates Medical education & professionals.

NMC replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI) on 25 September 2020.

The headquarter of NMC is in New Delhi and the chairperson is Mr. Suresh Chandra Sharma former head of ENT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS),. MCI changed into NMC with the help of five professional & experienced doctors who monitor the medical education system in India.

All medical institutes are required to follow the guidelines of the National Medical Commission(NMC). They ensure that all the admission in their college for medical courses falls within the purview of the Indian Medical Council Act, of 1956 and the NMC Act of 2019. National Medical Commission's (NMC) is main aim to provide quality and affordable medical education, ensure the availability of sufficient and excellent quality medical professionals all over India and encourage fair and global healthcare that encourages community health perspective.

Dashboard of Medical Faculty & PG Students

Number of Faculty


Number of PG Students


Number of Non-PG Junior Residents


Number of Senior Residents



Mission or Vision of NMC

  • The main aim of NMC is to provide affordable medical education in India.
  • NMC ensures the availability of sufficient and excellent quality medical professionals & experts all over the country.
  • It promotes healthcare that encourages the health system and makes health services accessible to all types of citizens.
  • It encourages physicians to adopt modern medical research in their work.
  • NMC has a fruitful grievance redressal mechanism.
  • NMC maintains a medical register for India.

Importance of NMC

What was the need for the NMC?

The NMC replaced MCI to correct some of the fundamental issues in India’s healthcare system.

  • The Medical Council of India (MCI) faced serious corruption charges in the past when it was the body in charge of regulating the medical profession before NMC.
  • Most of the qualified Doctors interested serve in the urban areas, while rural areas face poorly functional public healthcare systems. Now NMC may grant a bounded license to practice medicine at the mid-level as Community Health Provider.
  • NMC is the democratization of medical education in India because it is becoming more expensive with every passing year such as rising fees, and expensive books and equipment. These high expenses become a barrier for many deserving students.
  • According to the new NMC Act, NMC will ascertain fees for 50% of the medical seats in private medical colleges & deemed universities. This step is very helpful for all sections of students to undertake medical education.
  • NMC provides for National Exit Test (NEXT) for granting a license to practice medicine and enrolment in the state register or the National Register and it is mandatory for Admission to postgraduate education in medical universities.
  • NMC has the power to hire and authorize any other third-party agency or persons for carrying out inspections of medical colleges for assessing and rating such medical colleges.
  • NMC empowers the central government to provide directions and the state government shall comply with such directions because “Health is primarily a state subject”.

NMC Guidelines:


It is mandatory for medical students to Pursue an additional one-year internship in India after completing their foreign MBBS degree. This rule is equally carried by Indian Medical Students. An internship experience is one of the most important opportunities for a studying student to obtain experience in healthcare. An Internship for students boosts the next generations of doctors’ mental, technical, and behavioral skills, Which they require to manage patients with professionalism and expertise. The internships help students in the development and communication skills of medical interns, which is important to progress in the medical industry.

Language of Instructions:

It is very important for medical students that the language of instruction in MBBS courses teaching is The English language of the Medical College. This rule is especially for those students who pursuing MBBS courses abroad. Many Medical Institutions Abroad provide MBBS education in the English language but many Medical Institutions provide MBBS education in bio-languages and Even some Medical Institutions provide MBBS courses in their country's specific language. So those Students who want to study MBBS courses Abroad need to consider this when choosing Medical Institutions.

MBBS Course Duration:

The Minimum duration of the MBBS degree has to be higher than 54 months (4.5 years). The duration of MBBS courses varies between countries. MBBS Students can complete their MBBS studies in just 66 months (5.5 years) in India. That includes an internship duration of 12 months (1 year). At the same time, countries like Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Germany, China, Ukraine, etc offer 6 years (approximately) including 1 year of internships under experienced professionals.


The NMC is an eminent & reputed organization of the Indian government. It is consciously contributing to medical education to meet future requirements. Its main aim for reforms in the medical sector is the need of the hour, so as to instill the medical ethos of transparency, equity, monitoring, and accountability. The organization's main goal is to bring reforms in medical education. All Indian medical students should have completed their MBBS degree from a recognized Medical College and completed the compulsory 1-year internship before they are eligible to get a licentiate exam called National Exit Test (NEXT) to get their registration. NMC provides licenses to Medical students to practice Medicin In India.