Poland is a country in Central Europe. It is officially the Republic of Poland. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, or voivodeships, with a total area of 120,733 square miles (312,696 km2). Poland is the fifth-most populous EU member state with a population of more than 38 million. Warsaw is the country's largest city and capital. Krakow, Wroclaw, Lodz, Poznan, Gdansk, and Szczecin are all important cities.
Poland's land spans the Central European Plain, from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains in the south, and it experiences a mild transitional climate. The Vistula is the longest river in Poland, and Mount Rysy, in the Tatra mountain range of the Carpathians, is Poland's highest point. Lithuania and Russia to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, Germany to the west, and Belarus and Ukraine to the east. Additionally, it shares maritime borders with Sweden and Denmark.
On Polish soil, human activity has existed since roughly 10,000 BC. The region, which was culturally diverse in late antiquity, was settled by tribal Polans, who gave Poland its name in the early medieval period. In 966, the Polans gained statehood at the same time that a pagan ruler converted to Christianity under the direction of the Roman Church. The Realm of Poland arose in 1025 and in 1569 established its longstanding relationship with Lithuania, hence framing the Clean Lithuanian Republic. One of Europe's largest great powers at the time, it adopted Europe's first modern constitution in 1791 and had a political system that was unusually liberal.
At the end of the 18th century, after the Polish Golden Age ended, the country was divided by neighboring states and regained its independence in 1918 as the Second Polish Republic. The German-Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939 marked the beginning of World War II, which led to the Holocaust and the deaths of millions of Polish people. The Polish People's Republic was one of the original signatories to the Warsaw Pact during the global Cold War as a member of the Communist Bloc. Poland regained its status as a democratic state in 1989 as a result of the dissolution of the communist government brought about by the Solidarity movement and its contributions.
The Sejm and the Senate make up Poland's bicameral legislature, which is a parliamentary republic. It is a middle power and a mature market; It has the sixth-largest nominal GDP and the fifth-largest PPP GDP of any economy in the European Union. It provides free university education and a universal health care system in addition to extremely high living standards, safety, and economic freedom. The nation has 17 UNESCO World Legacy Locales, 15 of which are social. Poland is a member of NATO, the European Union (which includes the Schengen Area), the World Trade Organization, and the United Nations.
You can earn a low-cost, high-quality European degree in Poland that is recognized worldwide! You will not only benefit from high-quality instruction, but you will also have the opportunity to advance your career in the EU.
In Krakow, Poland, the Jagiellonian University is a public research university. It is Poland's oldest university and the 13th oldest university still in operation worldwide, having been established in 1364 by King Casimir III the Great. It is viewed as Poland's most renowned scholastic establishment.
In Warsaw, Poland, the University of Warsaw is a public institution. It was founded in 1816 and is the largest higher education institution in the country. It offers 100 specializations in the humanities, technical, and natural sciences, in addition to 37 different academic fields.
One of the most important technological institutions in Poland and one of the largest in Central Europe is the Warsaw University of Technology. It has 357 professors and 2,453 teaching faculty members. There are 36,156 students, most of whom work full-time. There are 19 faculties that cover nearly every science and technology field.
In Wroclaw, Poland, the University of Wroclaw is a public research university. With over 100,000 graduates since 1945, it is the largest higher education institution in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship. Among its graduates are approximately 1,900 researchers, many of whom have received the highest awards for their contributions to the advancement of scientific scholarship. It was ranked 44th by QS World University Rankings, despite being well-known for its high-quality teaching: EECA 2016 is on the same campus as the former University of Breslau, which was responsible for the education of nine Nobel Prize winners.
Among Poland's destinations, this is the first one you should visit when you arrive in Krakow. Main Market Square is known as the largest medieval market in Europe and a popular meeting place for young people and tourists from all over the world. a bustling metropolitan space today, it traces all the way back to the thirteenth hundred years.
It was constructed in honor of the approximately 1.5 million people who perished in this area during the Second World War. One of the most popular places to visit in Poland is this museum, which serves as an important historical site that has been preserved exactly as it was when the Nazis left it, complete with gas chamber ruins.
Since the Middle Ages, Krakow's Main Square has been the center of the city's political and social life. It is the largest square in Central Europe. Because of its Renaissance-inspired Sufkiennence, St. Mary Basilica, and artsy cafes and bars, it is the best place to visit in Poland. Due to its stunning architecture, Krakow actually has one of the most beautiful streets in the world.
It was home to Polish royalty from the 16th century to the 18th, and it is on Castle Square in the Old Town. It was remade in the 1980's subsequent to being annihilated in WWII. Try not to pass up the series of pictures of Clean lords and 23 eighteenth century artworks of Warsaw.